A bank is a financial institution that accepts deposits from the public and creates a demand deposit while simultaneously making loans. Lending activities can be directly performed by the bank or indirectly through capital markets.
Because banks play an important role in financial stability and the economy of a country, most jurisdictions exercise a high degree of regulation over banks. Most countries have institutionalized a system known as fractional reserve banking, under which banks hold liquid assets equal to only a portion of their current liabilities. In addition to other regulations intended to ensure liquidity, banks are generally subject to minimum capital requirements based on an international set of capital standards, the Basel Accords.
Banking in its modern sense evolved in the fourteenth century in the prosperous cities of Renaissance Italy but in many ways functioned as a continuation of ideas and concepts of credit and lending that had their roots in the ancient world. In the history of banking, a number of banking dynasties — notably, the Medicis, the Fuggers, the Welsers, the Berenbergs, and the Rothschilds — have played a central role over many centuries. The oldest existing retail bank is Banca Monte dei Paschi di Siena (founded in 1472), while the oldest existing merchant bank is Berenberg Bank (founded in 1590).
The European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD) invests in changing lives. Through our financial investments, business services and work on policy reform, we're doing more than ever before to build open, market economies across 3 continents.
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DCG has 30 years of experience in asset liability management, and our only business is helping banks and credit unions manage balance sheets effectively.
260 Merrimac St, Newburyport, Massachusetts, United States, 01950
East Boston Savings Bank has been working hard for the Greater Boston community since 1848. Open an account, log in, or view our monthly online newsletter.
67 Prospect Street, Peabody, Massachusetts, United States, 01960